GIS Analysis Overview

A common practice of a GIS Analyst is to perform multi-step geographic analyses. These are typically completed using one or more geoprocessing tools (of any kind within Pro). The type of analysis depends on the scope of the question(s), available data, time frame and budget, and software licensing…some of the geoprocessing tools require additional licenses (e.g. Spatial Analysis, 3D, Deep Learning, etc).

Many of the analyses result in additional map layers where a map (or more commonly now, a web app that contains feature or imager services) and can also include summary tables (which can also show up in dashboards) and/or statistics (typically, in tabular form, but some can also be shown through dashboards).

Some broad categories of geospatial analyses include (among others). Anything with a “where” question and associated time frame(s), seasonality, cycles, who, what, how, and how much.

  • Site Suitability
  • Viewshed
  • Natural/Climate Impact
  • Cost-Path Analysis (i.e. optimized routes, sales or service areas)
  • Demographics, Migration, Emigration, Immigration, Human Population Impact, Disease, Health (plants/animals/environment)
  • Natural Resource Impact – flora/fauna, landscape
  • Land Cover/Land Use Classification (raster)
  • Feature Identification (referring to features derived from raster and point cloud data)
  • Impact Analysis (temporary and/or permanent) – result from building, agriculture, mining, forest management, ocean, coasts, polar, pollution, etc
  • Alignment Analysis (transportation, railroads, above/below ground utilities)
  • Flood Impact
  • Planning – new development, in-fill, repurpose